The south-eastern part of Zagreb situated between the rivers Sava and Kupa includes the fertile plain of Turopolje or the Field of Zagreb and slightly elevated low hills – Vukomeričke gorice or Vrhovlje. This low region of Turopolje once was swampy and covered with thick forests inhabited by “tur”, an ancient breed of cattle that gave Turopolje its name. In lower parts of the region excellent oak trees grow successfully, while Vukomeričke gorice region is covered with beech and birch forests and beautiful vineyards.
In Turopolje we come across exceptional richness of natural phenomena contained in luxuriant variety of vegetation and animal world. Flora of Turopolje counts over 450 species of which we would stress the most frequent ones: common oak, sessile oak, hornbeam, sallow, hazel tree, elder, poplar, reed mace bulrush, water lily and others. The waters of this region, the Odra with its tributaries Lomnica, Buna and Lekenik are the habitat for 22 species of fish from 7 families, among which some indigenous species can be found; like roach, bream, bleak, pike, chub, perch, and others. Turopolje region is a paradise for birds. It is a home for 220 bird species: black woodpecker, lesser spotted eagle, black stork, lark, woodpecker and others.
Velika Gorica region is a part of a larger climate region of moderate, warm, rainy climate with the least rainfalls in winter while a rainfall maximum is reached at the turn of the spring and summer. Medium temperature of the warmest month (July) doesn’t pass over 22°C, and at least four months in the cooler part of the year have medium temperature above 10°C.